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Happy Birthday Barbie! / 让我们祝芭比娃娃生日快乐吧!

This Year on Mar 9th, 2012 Barbie turned 53 and to honor the beloved doll, we decided to find out more about her creator, who in her own way is just as amazing as the doll we all love or at times love to hate.

Ruth Handler was born on the 4th of November 1916, in Denver, Colorado. Her parents Jacob and Ida Mosko where Polish immigrants, Her father left Poland to avoid serving in the Russian army, Ruth was the youngest of ten children. At the age of 16, Ruth met her future husband, Isadore Elliot Handler and they got married in 1938.

In 1942, the Handlers joined designer, Harold “Matt” Matson, using a merger of his name and Elliot’s name, they named the company Mattel, the business produced doll house furniture made out of scraps from Elliot’s picture frame enterprise.

 

2012年3月9日,芭比娃娃将迎来她53岁的生日,为了纪念我们深爱的芭比娃娃,我们决定去了解更多关于她的创始者信息,她自己的创业生涯就像芭比娃娃一样神奇所有的,让我们对她又爱又恨。

露丝韩德勒女士出生于1916年11月4日,在科罗拉多州丹佛市。她的父母Jacob 和 Ida Mosko是波兰移民,她的父亲为了避免在俄罗斯军队服役而离开了波兰。露丝是十个孩子中最小的。在16岁时,露丝遇见了她未来的丈夫Isadore Elliot Handler ,他们在1938年结婚。

在1942年,哈罗德马特森加入了芭比娃娃的处理程序设计,他用把自己的名字和埃利奥特的名字合并,命名为美泰公司。公司主要用她丈夫旗下的相框企业的脚料制做娃娃的家具。
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During the 50′s most dolls where still being made to look like infants, Ruth Handler noticed that her daughter preferred “to dress up adult paper dolls and pretend to be grown up“, she discussed creating an adult bodied doll to her husband, who presented the idea to the Mattel Directors.

在50年代生产的大部分都是婴儿娃娃,但露丝注意到,她的女儿更喜欢打扮成人纸娃娃,假装那是自己长大的样子。于是她向丈夫提出生产成人娃娃的建议,她的丈夫随后向马特尔公司董事提出这个想法。
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During a family trip to Europe in 1956, Ruth Handler came across a German toy doll called Bild Lilli, the doll was intended for children but became popular amongst adults who enjoyed dressing her in he various fashions. Lilli was originally a cartoon created by German cartoonist Reinhard Beuthien for the Bild Zeitung news paper in Hamburg. The doll had been just what Ruth Handler had in mind, She bought one for her daughter and took 2 back to Mattel.

1956年,在一次去欧洲的家庭之旅时,露丝偶然看到一种叫Bild Lilli的德国玩具娃娃,那娃娃是供儿童玩乐的但许多成年人却喜欢用各种时尚流行来打扮这娃娃。Lilli原是由德国漫画家Reinhard Beuthien 为一名为Bil Reinhard 的报纸所画的卡通。那娃娃的设计就跟露丝心里一直策划着的想法一样,她为女儿买了一个并买了两个拿到美泰公司。
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Ruth Handler re- designed the doll with the help of  Jack Ryan and renamed the doll Barbie after her daughter Barbara. The doll was first shown at the American International Toy Fair in New York on the 9th of March 1959, the date is also known as Barbies official birthday.

Mattel acquired the rights to the Bild Lilli doll in 1964, The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra striped swimsuit and was available as a blonde or brunette, the first Barbie dolls were made in Japan.

 

露丝在杰克·莱恩的帮助下对娃娃进行了重新设计,并以她的女儿芭芭拉命名。娃娃首次于1959年3月9日在美国纽约国际玩具博览会露相,该日期也被称为芭比娃娃的官方生日。

美泰公司在1964年收购了Bild Lilli的创作权。第一个芭比娃娃是穿着黑白斑马条纹泳衣,可以是金发也可以换成黑发,诞生于日本。

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Barbie’s 50th/ 芭比五十岁的生日

In 2009 Barbie turned 50 and to mark the occasion various events and special celebrations took place globally. New York Fashion Week :Matel inc set up a catwalk showcasing special creations from Vera Wang, Monique Lhuillier, Alexander Wang and Rag & Bone.

2009年是芭比娃娃创立的50周年,它参加了全球各种各样的活动。在纽约时装周,Matel公司展示了一个时装秀,该该时装秀的创作来自于王薇薇、Monique Lhuillier、亚历山大·王和Rag&Bone。

Italian Vogue: The Black Barbie Issue
On July 2009 to celebrate Barbie’s anniversary Italian vogues iconic edition; the Black Issue, was dedicated to Black Barbie. The issue was a collectors edition and contained everything from hair to fashion tips.

意大利时尚:黑人芭比娃娃
2009年7月为庆祝芭比娃娃的周岁,意大利vogues发行了芭比的经典版;黑人芭比。主要致力于生产黑人芭比娃娃。这主要是供一些收藏家珍藏,其中包含芭比的本身设计及时尚装饰。
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Although Barbie’s appearance has changed numerous time the most notable change was in 1971 when the doll’s eyes were adjusted to look forwards instead of  sideways like the original model. The success of Barbie led to the creation of her boyfriend, Ken(named after the Handlers’ son), other Friends, family and pets where soon created and the Barbie brand became an outstanding line producing accessories, books, magazine and films for for children and young and adults, the dolls sells in over 150 countries.

虽然芭比娃娃的外观随着时间的改变已已经改变了许多,但最显着的变化是在1971年对娃娃眼睛的改变,把原来的向侧边看的改成向前看。芭比的成功来自于她男友肯(以露丝的儿子命名),、其他的朋友、家人和宠物的生产,该生产使芭比品牌马上出名于各大生产线、书籍、杂志和各种电影中,娃娃在全球150多个国家出售


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The doll drew a lot of attention from feminists groups and others who claim that the doll’s figure promotes an unrealistic body image for young woman, leading to a risks that girls attempt to imitate her shape, Handler maintained that Barbie range of career and roles “was all about giving girls options”,  “My whole philosophy of Barbie was that, through the doll, the little girl could be anything she wanted to be. Barbie always represented the fact that a woman has choices.” internationally Barbie has become a  cultural icon and both the doll and its creator has been given honors to mark.

In 1968 Mattel launched the first African American doll in the Barbie range, Christie, although it had previously and unsuccessfully releases a Coloured version of Francie in 1967, Francie was a 1968 doll, marketed as “Barbie’s Modern cousin”. Black Barbie and Hispanic Barbie launched in 1980.

芭比娃娃引起了女权主义及其他,娃娃团体极大地关注。他们认为芭比身形不符合实际,会导致许多女孩试图模仿她的造型。露丝维护称芭比的职业和角色的范围“是给女孩有选择的权利”“我的芭比整个设计理念是,小女孩们可以将芭比打扮成任何她们想要的样子,芭比始终代表着一个女人有选择的事实”。国际上,芭比娃娃已经成为一个文化象征,不管是创始人已她的本身还是其创始人都被给予了极大的荣誉。

美泰公司在1968年推出的第一系列美国芭比娃娃:克里斯蒂。虽然此前发布于1967年的弗朗西彩色版本失败了,弗朗西是1968年设计的娃娃,被认为是“现代芭比的表妹”。在1980年随后推出黑人芭比和西班牙裔美国人芭比娃娃。

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